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Evaluation and research strategies

Tingbjerg Changing Diabetes is based on an interdisciplinary evaluation and research strategy, which unfolds at three different levels of operation: 

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Specific research focus of the three phases:

Partnership dynamics (Phase 1 - Formation); including longitudinal research on partnership formation and development processes, structures and functions.

The supersetting approach (Phase 2 - Action); including operational research on the supersetting approach and its five principles as well as methodological research on the application of Principles-Focused Evaluation methodology and its complementarity to Realist Evaluation methodology for evaluating complex interventions.

Technology transfer (Phase 3 - Diffusion); including implementation research on processes of scaling interventions and transferring approaches, concepts, values, principles, methodologies and tools from one context to another. 

Level A. Evaluating and researching specific projects

TCD implements a variety of projects each of which strive to fulfil the same overall objective of the initiative. The specific activities of the projects are extremely diverse, and each project therefore requires its own evaluation and research agenda. Evaluation processes adhere to the principles of theory-based 'Realist Evaluation' and, for all projects, mainly addresses the same process-related research questions of what works, for whom, in what circumstances and why?

Efforts will also be made to assess the extent to which the principles of the supersetting approach were addressed by the projects and how they affected their processes and outcomes. This is done using Principles-Focused Evaluation (Patton, 2018).

Level B. Researching cross-cutting factors

TCD implements research on selected factors that cut across projects of the initiative. Gathering data from such projects to address the same research question enriches the analytical process and its findings. There are currently four such cross-cutting topics in TCD: 1) community & social capital, 2) education, occupation & entrepreneurship, 3) health economy & social investment and 4) health, food & physical literacy. These topics are all accompanied by specific research questions that are answered using qualitative and/or quantitative research methods.

Level C. Researching implementation approaches


TCD researches methods and approaches related to each of the three implementation phases of the initiative: Formation, Action and Diffusion. Specific research topics have been carefully selected based on an overall aim to contribute with research-based knowledge and evidence to the development, refinement and application of applied concepts, principles, approaches, methodologies and tools that may be adopted by public, private and civic stakeholders in other community and city contexts around the world.

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